tomato ketchup/ ketchup health benefits/ heinz ketchup

 ketchup benefits

tomato ketchup/ ketchup health benefits/ heinz ketchup

Ketchup is a favourite sauce all over the world and our country is no exception. It goes well with meat dishes, game, vegetable stews, hot sandwiches, pasta, sauce, and dressing for various dishes and soups. 

Ketchup composition

The main components of this product are tomato ingredients (fresh tomatoes or tomato paste), vinegar or citric acid, salt, sugar, spices.

Historical reference

China is considered to be the ancestral home of ketchup.  Soon the recipe for ketchup spread throughout the continent, while tomatoes were not originally included in it. 

The beginning of the industrial production of ketchup began to produce a thick sauce by vacuum evaporation of tomato paste without heating and the use of sodium benzoate preservative. The ketchup produced in this way has a long shelf life at room temperature in the whole world.

Since then, its density has been especially appreciated in ketchup companies: the more tomato paste in the sauce produces an efficient taste, the better it is to taste. However, today, to achieve these properties, manufacturers often resort to using a cheaper thickener, for example, starch or pectin, which entails the introduction of stabilizers, colourants and flavourings.

Regulatory documents of the United States and the European Union do not allow the use of colouring agents, fruit and vegetable semi-finished products in these sauces, and also provide for the use of only natural vinegar.

In Russia country, less concentrated and cheaper synthetic vinegar is more often used in ketchup, and in general use, the requirements of it are less stringent, at least for now (from July 1, 2014, new technical use 

Benefit and harm

Bottles of ketchup, as well as sauces and seasonings, complement and improve the taste of food, increase its nutritional value, calorie content and stimulate appetite. Ketchup produced following GOST consists of 60–85% water. Its calorie content is about 100 kcal. It contains 25% carbohydrates, the protein and fat content is insignificant - about 1%.

tomato ketchup/ ketchup health benefits/ heinz ketchup

But with spicy ketchup, you should not abuse people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the human body, since spicy foods can increase inflammation in the human system. Salicylates and vinegar also irritate the mucous membranes. Thus, ketchup is contraindicated for gastritis, enterocolitis, hepatitis and pancreatitis.

In addition, hot spices and vinegar are contraindicated in children.

Pregnant and lactating mothers are also advised to limit the use of this sauce due to the presence of hot spices and vinegar in its composition, not to mention various dyes and stabilizers.

Ketchup packaging - glass or plastic?

Ketchup is usually offered in three types of packaging - glass (bottles and jars), plastic (inverted bottles of various capacities) and daypack (a bag with a dispensing lid).

Glass is definitely the best type of packaging. without adding preservatives in ketchup, but also allows you to visually assess the quality of ketchup. The disadvantage of glass containers is their heavyweight and fragility. It is more difficult to dose ketchup in a glass bottle, and the cost of such a container for the manufacturer is relatively high, therefore, premium products are often sold in it. 

 At the same time, the shelf life of a product in a daypack can reach 6 months without the use of preservatives, since multilayer polyester/polypropylene is suitable for filling at high temperatures (up to 95 ° C) and has better protection against oxidation, creating an effective oxygen barrier. Doypack with a volume of 240, 300, 500 grams is mainly used in the middle and economy segments. Depending on the mass, the cost of ketchup is in the range of 20-50 rubles.

The downside of the daypack is that such packaging hides the contents from the eyes of the consumer, which is often used by unscrupulous manufacturers. Meanwhile, some manufacturers offer their products in several types of containers at once. Thus, no matter what type of packaging the consumer chooses, one can count on the same level of product quality. The flip side of the coin is the presence of preservatives in the ketchup process. 

Shelf life of ketchup

The shelf life depends on the production method. According to GOST, tablespoons of ketchup are divided into sterilized, including by hot filling in a hermetically sealed container, and unsterilized, that is, with the addition of preservatives.

According to GOST specifications, the recommended shelf life for sterilized tablespoons of ketchup in glass containers is 2 years, for sterilized hot-filled tablespoons of ketchup - 1 year.
For unsterilized glass containers - 1 year; in containers made of polymeric and combined materials - six months.

The product's shelf life is established directly by the manufacturer, and often the shelf life in the daypack exceeds the recommended twice and is 12 months. Please note that even the choice of sterilized ketchup does not mean that the product is made without preservatives. Manufacturers add preservatives to extend the shelf life of the product after opening. 

Appearance. The presence of air bubbles indicates a fermentation process that can occur as a result of a disruption in the production process.

Label. Pay attention to the labelling and composition of the product. The category of the ketchup is indicated next to the name of the ketchup product. Extra-class ketchup contains at least 40% tomato paste. There are also tablespoons of ketchup of the highest category (from 30% tomato paste). The first and second categories (at least 15%) are economy class products.

tomato ketchup/ ketchup health benefits/ heinz ketchup

Structure. Ideally, only tomato paste, spices, salt and water are included. The shorter the composition, the better. Tomatoes or tomato paste are the main ingredient in ketchup processing! The taste, colour, texture, and smell of this ketchup are likely to be supported by artificial additives.

How is ketchup made?

Tablespoons of ketchup of the "Extra" category are made from fresh tomatoes or tomato paste or puree with the addition of various spices and flavouring ingredients. The mass fraction of soluble solids in such a product is at least 25%, and the content of tomato paste is at least 40%.

The highest category of ketchup contains fresh tomatoes or tomato paste or puree, fruit and vegetable purees, thickeners, stabilizers, spices, natural and identical to natural flavours, dyes, flavouring ingredients. The mass fraction of soluble solids without the addition of fruit and vegetable purees in such a product is at least 23% (tomato paste - 30%) and at least 20% in the highest category ketchup with the addition of fruit and vegetable purees (tomato paste 23%).

In the manufacture of tablespoons of ketchup of the first category, concentrated tomato products are already used, as well as fruit and vegetable purees, spices or flavours (natural and identical to natural), dyes, thickeners, stabilizers and flavouring ingredients. Mass fraction of soluble solids in ketchup - not less than 18% (tomato paste 20%).

Tablespoons of ketchup of the second category are made from concentrated tomato products with a content of at least 15%, fruit and vegetable purees, spices or flavourings, thickeners, stabilizers, colourants and flavouring ingredients. Mass fraction of soluble solids - not less than 14%.

Tomatoes are healthy. 

'Tomato', which is said to keep cells in our body young, vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid, potassium, etc. This tomato is so good,
did you not eat it today?

Tomatoes are loved by people of all ages, and they add flavour to dishes.

Tomatoes can be eaten raw or simply juiced.
Also, as a portion of food eaten cooked, it can be added to various dishes and used as a seasoning
, so tomatoes are used in cooking all over the world.

It is also called 'Italian kimchi' and
is a godsend that adds flavour to many dishes in Italy.
'Tomato', which is good for health, tastes good and has high utility